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FOR 021 Crusader Castles in the Holy Land 1097–1192

FOR 021 Crusader Castles in the Holy Land 1097–1192
Autor: David Nicolle
Data publikacji: 2004-07-25
ISBN: 9781841767154
Wydawca: OSPREY
Język: angielski
Wymiary: 248 x 184mm
Oprawa: miękka
Liczba stron: 64
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Opis produktu:

The Crusaders that landed in the Middle East in the late 11th century brought with them their own traditions of military architecture, but it was not long before their defensive construction began to reflect a broad array of local influences. Most early Crusader structures were relatively small, and tended to increase the existing natural and defensive features of a site. The basic forms comprised freestanding towers, castra, and hilltop and spur-castles, but urban centres, religious sites and rural dwellings were also fortified. From the 1160s, bigger, stronger and more expensive castles began to appear, in response to developments in Islamic siege weaponry. This title examines the early fortifications erected by the Crusaders in modern-day Israel, the Palestinian territories, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria and south-eastern Turkey.

Contents
Introduction · Chronology · Design and development · The principles of defence · A tour of five Crusader castles · Feudal, religious and urban defences · The fortifications at war · The fate of the fortifications · Visiting the fortifications today · Further reading · Glossary · Index

Born in 1944, David Nicolle worked in the BBC’s Arabic service for a number of years before gaining an MA from the School of Oriental and African Studies, London, and a doctorate from Edinburgh University. He has written numerous books and articles on medieval and Islamic warfare, and has been a prolific author of Osprey titles for many years.



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